Gennadii Korolov

Doctor Gennadii Korolov is a historian and political scientist, a senior research fellow of the Institute of History of Ukraine of the National Academy of Sciences (Kyiv) and associate of the ERC project “Non-territorial Autonomy as Minority Protection in Europe” (Vienna).

He is an editor of the academic peer review journal “Revolutio. The Journal of the Study of Wars and Revolutions”. He obtained M.A. in History and Law at the National Drahomanov Pedagogical University (Kyiv) and finished one-year postgraduate program at the Institute of History, Jagiellonian University.  He received his PhD in History (the Institute of History of Ukraine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine) in 2010. In the fall semester of 2019, Dr. Korolov was a special appointed associate professor at the Slavic-Eurasian Research Center, Hokkaido University.

Dr. Korolov has received several fellowships from the Center of East European Studies of Warsaw University, the German Historical Institute in Warsaw, and the Institute for Modern and Contemporary Historical Research at the Austrian Academy of Sciences (Vienna), and Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute (Cambridge, USA). Currently he focuses on history of federalist ideas and the violence studies during the First World War 1914-1918 and beyond. 

Research Project: Federalist Utopias in East-Central Europe: The Projects of the “United States” of New Nations (1914-1939)

The project focuses on the history of ideas and the entangled history (histoire croisée) of federalist projects during both the and the period of wars and revolutions (1914–1921) and interwar period in East-Central Europe. The core argument is that in early twentieth century federative ideas and projects evolved as ideological utopias, and at the beginning of the twentieth century, especially under the influence of the First World War, they became an instrument of a Realpolitik policy.

The central questions of the project are: What contributes to the comparative analysis of several federalist projects aimed at an understanding of the disintegration of the empires - on the one hand, and the appearance of a national state - on the other? What conditioned shared interpretations and evaluations of the different federalist projects? It is no doubt that these projects were formed under specific political / geopolitical circumstances. Federalism had a common root with nationalism and other modern ideologies, and it is argued that during the Great War most of the national activists were supporters of federalism theory. The project introduces new visions of the history of federalisms in East-Central Europe. The first one was the idea of “the United States” – the creation of nation-states based on states along the lines of the US political model. The second type was the so-called “national federalist tradition,” based on “ethnographical determinism” and the admission that forming a national state was possible on the “historic lands”.

Dr. Korolov argues that all federalist projects were a reaction to the historical situation “between Germany and Russia,” but were not sincere federative appeals per se. In the case of East-Central Europe, these projects could be defined as concrete tools or even concepts of Realpolitik policy. After 1918, based on “imperializing nations” (as a continuation of “nationalizing empires” in 1914), the leaders of the new national states rhetorically accepted the formula of federalization without profoundly thinking about its further implementation. Federalist ideas had a common feature: on the one hand, they proclaimed an aspiration to shape the federation as a national state and, on the other, a temporary loyalty to national minorities. Such was the antinomic essence of federalism in the East-Central European case.

Dates of stay: 01 March 2020 - 31 July 2020