Riccardo Pozzo

Riccardo Pozzo
Riccardo Pozzo, fot. Jakub Ostałowski

Professor Riccardo Pozzo received his M.A. at Università di Milano in 1983, his Ph.D. at Universität des Saarlandes in 1988, and his Habilitation at Universität Trier in 1995. In 1996, he went to the U.S. to teach German Philosophy at the School of Philosophy of the Catholic University of America. In 2003, he came back to Italy to take up the Chair of the History of Philosophy at Università di Verona. From 2009 to 2012, he was Director of the Institute for the European Intellectual Lexicon and History of Ideas of the National Research Council of Italy.

From December 2012 to February 2017, he served as Director of the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Cultural Heritage of the National Research Council of Italy. He received the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany on ribbon. Was elected full member of the Institut International de Philosophie and chair of the World Congress of Philosophy Beijing 2018 program committee, and was appointed member of the Horizon 2020 Programme Committee Configuration Research Infrastructures. On Sep. 21, 2015 he appeared on CCTV-News in “Dialogue: Ideas Matter,” moderated by Yang Rui.

His areas of specialization are: Migration Studies, Cultural Innovation, Lexicography, Aristotelianism, the Renaissance, the Enlightenment, Kant and Hegel. He has published 8 monographs, 4 critical editions, 5 translations, 19 edited volumes, 52 journal articles, 71 chapters in books, 21 conference proceedings, 181 book reviews, and 43 articles in national newspapers. He has published monographs on the Renaissance (Schwabe, 2012), the Enlightenment (Frommann-Holzboog, 2000), Kant (Maia 2016; Lang 1989), and Hegel (La Nuova Italia, 1989) and he is currently finishing a book on the history of philosophy and the reflective society (De Gruyter, 2017). He has edited the philosophical academic programs of the German Enlightenment (Frommann-Holzboog 2011), the writings of Fichte and Kant on intellectual property (Biblioteca di via Senato, 2005), the impact of Aristotelianism on modern philosophy (CUA-Press 2003), the lecture catalogues of the University of Königsberg (Frommann-Holzboog, 1999), and twentieth-century moral philosophy together with Karl-Otto Apel (Frommann-Holzboog, 1990). He has published in the following journals: Ave Maria Law Review, Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte, American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly, Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Diogène, Economia della Cultura, Giornale critico della filosofia italiana, Hegel-Jahrbuch, History of Science, History of Universities, Intersezioni, Isis, Jahrbuch für Universitätsgeschichte, Journal of the History of Philosophy, Kant-Studien, Medioevo, Philosophical News, Quaestio,  Review of Metaphysics, Rivista di storia della filosofia, Studi Kantiani, and Topoi.
 
MMS-Mediterranean Migration Studies - PROJECT

Attention by Italy and the EU on migrations across and around the Mediterranean is more than urgent today. The migrant crisis poses to Italy and Europe a challenge whose dimensions are comparable to those of the ecological crisis of the last quarter of the last century, whose icon was the acid rain. It was overcome by means of an epochal effort in research that brought about an industrial reconversion and a change in the mind-set of the citizens. Today, the migrant crisis again requires a research initiative that is cross-disciplinary and involves the whole domain of social sciences, humanities and cultural heritage together with mathematics, physics, chemistry, life-sciences and medicine, environmental sciences, logistics, agro-food and ICT. Mediterranean Migration Studies (MMS) is the name of the project launched by the National Research Council of Italy, which provides the basis for the approach described in this position paper. First and foremost, let it be noted that a cross-cutting initiative on migrations would integrate the perspectives opened up by the SC6 Work-Programme 2018-2020 calls on migration as well as by PRIMA (art. 185 TFEU) and the four ERANET COFUNDs HERA, NORFACE, ERANETMED and BLUEMED. The migrant crisis of 2015 has made it abundantly clear that the most urgent objective is working towards Euro-Mediterranean societies that are inclusive, reflective and attentive to the impact migrations are having on social and cultural innovation, security and health, environment and biodiversity.

Migration has become a benchmark of political decision-making and a segment of the economic, environmental, medical, legal, ethical, and cultural development of society.
Research on migration finds a place at the frontiers of science in as far as it integrates technological innovation with social innovation, and eventually with cultural innovation, thus providing substantial added value to the citizens of a global community.

Migrants, migration and integration pose for Europe a challenge whose dimensions are comparable to those of the challenge posed by environmental pollution during the last quarter of the last century, whose icon was the acid rain, which was overcome by means of an epochal effort in research, which brought about an industrial reconversion and a change in the mind-set of the citizens.

Migrants, migration and integration require again a research effort that is cross-cutting and involves the whole domain of social sciences, humanities and cultural heritage together with parts of mathematics, physics, chemistry, life-sciences and medicine, environmental sciences, logistics, agri-food and ICT.

The project is not about facing the current crisis we read about in the newspapers, which requires urgent short-term solutions. It is about migration as a structural phenomenon that is expected to become more and more relevant during the twenty-first century. It is about global inequalities and development. In fact, international migrants rarely come from the poorest countries and they are rarely among the poorest in their countries. Environmental refugees rarely transform themselves into international migrants.

The project follows the change of paradigm initiated by the EC with the Conference at Brussels on Understanding and Tackling the Migration Challenge of 4-5 February 2016 that asks for the involvement of all disciplines in the direction of a new hybrid consideration, in which top-down modelling of phenomena finds a new synthesis with the discovery of new bottom-up cognitions, which emerge from big masses of available data. The change of paradigm asks for a holistic approach that embraces at once the sectors of cultural, social, environmental and economic sustainability. The idea is to aggregate research-performing organizations, universities, research infrastructures and cultural institutions for action on migration, cultural heritage, interreligious and intercultural dialogue, security, agri-food, health.

Data Science for Migrants, Migration and Integration. Starting from the elaboration of a central nucleus of computational social science data, the project embraces a series of aspects that are first and foremost socio-economic and cultural but have substantial impacts on security, health-care, environmental and nutritional issues.

Society and Culture. Migration is due to become a substantial factor of growth starting with an effective management of the supply chains of reception and integration. Migrants are less and less contained within the borders of states. They leave and go, keeping in touch with their countries of origin and with local resident communities in the countries of destination. The failure of integration has high costs due to its physical and economic impact on both migrant subjects and receiving society. Migration has a connection with welfare and its efficient use: in an ever-growing world population this resource plays a fundamental role. Migrants have an effect on its implementation, they stress the sustainability of the system, and require the production of new laws, the revision of national budgets, educative systems, non-homogeneous resource-allocation among beneficiaries, public health and security issues. Migration demands a societal reflection that is historic, philosophical, juridical and religious and that promotes and revitalizes experiences of co-existence and systems of peace making in the relations of cultures.

Security and Health. The control of migration flows, the protection of the lives of migrants and the prevention of the infiltration of terrorists, are some of the main necessities related to security. These requirements entail the control of borders in their various forms (sea, land and unconventional routes) by acknowledging explicitly the need not to delay the operations associated with the first humanitarian aid. The predisposition of the development of diseases is partly dependent on ethnicity and country of origin, but can be profoundly modified by environmental, cultural, socio-economic and lifestyle changes, as well as by the associated stresses occurring in the country of settlement. There is an urgent need to understand these interactions and to plan effective screening and integration strategies to preserve the health of incoming and resident people, and reduce its impact on National and Regional health-care systems. It is also important to face in an adequate manner the perception of EU citizens on the risk of contagious diseases.

Environment and Biodiversity. The choice of migrating is either due to current changes in the terrestrial ecosystem or is caused by political, demographic and economic conditions, in which the environment is an amplifying factor of the deterioration of living conditions. The diverse stress-factors on human beings and the environment are connected, although water management remains the main cause. Biodiversity is to be studied in relation to the mobility of migrants, which has an impact on European the European agri-food system. It is necessary to combine global climate change models with local scenarios of social and economic growth.

Finally, migration researchers do not need a research infrastructure of their own. They confer and receive data, models and scientific outcomes from existing research infrastructures such as SoBigData, DARIAH ERIC, EHRIS, REIRES, CESSDA ERIC, ESS ERIC, SHARE ERIC, CLARIN ERIC, eMSo, IAGOS, LIFEWATCH, BBMRI and EURO BIOIMAGING. This, combined with the harmonisation of data infrastructures in Europe, allows for further enhancing the evidence base for policy formulation. The unique scope of this data make it possible to study the evolution of labour market outcomes of immigrants, and to focus on aspects such as school performance of immigrant children, health, fertility, crime, marriage and residential choices.  

In conclusion, the main goal is to deal with every aspect of science and technology related to migrants, migration and integration. Today, social sciences and humanities researchers are confronted with huge amounts and an increasing complexity of data in highly interdisciplinary settings. Research infrastructures go well beyond their hardware and constitute a Virtual Research Environment, on which very large data sets are run. Experimentalists are engaging thousands of informants via mobile devices which will in a very few years amount to 1 TB of data per day.